- A potential or existing condition that may cause harm to people or damage to property or the environment.
- The systematic collection of past and present information relating to a natural and man made emergencies/disasters aimed at estimating the future likelihood of an emergency.
- to determine what hazards may exist within a community, thereby creating awareness for emergency preparedness and planning;
- to fulfill the obligations of completing the recent criteria set out by the Manitoba Emergency Measures Organization.
- Straight line winds - large mass of air with speeds greater than 150 km/hr
- Tornadoes - twisters, funnel clouds, dust devils
- Flooding/heavy rains - causing overland flooding, flash floods or drastic rise in water levels
- Summer storms - lightning, hailstorms
- Winter storms - blizzards, ice storms, severe cold weather
- Drought - affecting water tables, crops and agriculture
- Forest/bush fires - caused by lightning and dry conditions
- Hazardous chemical/dangerous goods spills
- Transportation accidents - air, rail, highway
- Industrial accidents
- Utility failures - blackouts, power outages
- Fires caused by man
- Civil unrest/riots/terrorists
- Rankings of Community Disaster Probability Sheet
2. FEMA MODEL (federal Emergency Management Agency) Model
The FEMA MODEL uses four criteria:
to rate and score the events.
RESULTS HAZARD AVERAGE 1 Major Frost and Freeze 4.2 2 Freezing Ice Storm 4.1 3 Forest or Bush Fire 4.0 4 Blizzard or Massive Storm 3.9 5 River Flood 3.8 6 Major Hail Storm 3.8 7 Major Gas Main Break 3.8 8 Flash Flood 3.7 9 Electric Power Blackout 3.6 10 Chemical Contamination Spill 3.0
|2||Massive Automobile Wreck||3.4|
|3||Freezing Ice Storm||3.2|
|4||Forest or Bush Fire||3.0|
|5||Blizzard/Massive Snow Storm||3.0|
|7||Major Frost & Freeze||2.6|
|9||Major Hail Storm||2.6|
|10||Electric Power Blackout||2.4|